Solar power has plenty of advantages over other types of energy. It has viable applications, from the smallest home solar power systems to large, centralized power plants. Solar power is also very diverse. It’s used to charge your cell phone or laptop, power cell phone towers, and provide electricity to your home and the entire electric grid. It can be used in a field, on a rooftop, as home siding and in outer space to power satellites and space stations – not to mention heat and cool home water supplies and living spaces.
Solar power’s most obvious and hyped advantage is its cleanliness. While nonrenewable energy sources like coal, oil and gas are contributing to global climate change and poor air quality, solar power represents a clean, renewable solution to those problems. Solar power is also beneficial to both developed and developing countries, allowing access to clean electricity and clean water for poor and rural residents around the world.
In relation to other renewable resources, such as wind, geothermal, tidal and arguably, nuclear power, solar power is the most scalable for small-power generation. While geothermal power can be used to heat and cool the home, solar power can do that and more, providing hot water, HVAC and electricity. Wind power is a very beneficial energy source but is still difficult to use in an urban environment due to the size of wind turbines. Other renewable energy sources simply do not apply to home energy production.